Americans are learning the hard way that the economy is not “fundamentally sound.”

President Bush, Sen. John McCain and Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson all assured us that it was — and then the bottom fell out.

Too late we are learning that reliance on the free market can be very costly. While there is an understandable urge to get back at the CEOs who profited immensely, we would be better off to lay the blame on the free market itself and move to correct the underlying problem.

Over the last eight years, the economy has gone south by several indicators.

It has lost 3.8 million manufacturing jobs, and about half a million jobs in the information industries.

The trade deficit has exploded from $380 billion in 2000 to $700 billion in 2007.

The federal deficit has jumped from a cumulative surplus of $431 billion from 1998 to 2000 to a cumulative deficit of $1.7 trillion from 2002 to 2007.

The inflation-adjusted median income of prime working-age families (those 35 to 44) fell from $69,939 in 2000 to $67,849 in 2007.

Meanwhile, their combined household debt rose from $8.5 trillion in 2006 to $13.9 trillion by the second quarter of this year.

Our economy is drowning in debt.

Over the last eight years, an unregulated financial sector devised many clever ways to recycle that debt. International finance partners parked their money into the American mortgage market. The decline in interest rates helped the price of homes increase, despite the fundamental problem of falling incomes for American households. But the Bush administration and Alan Greenspan, former chairman of the Federal Reserve Board, showed little concern for the growth in debt or the bubble in housing. As housing prices went up, it appeared that homeowners were getting wealthier.

But the market got it wrong. The plain truth is that the almost $11 trillion in mortgage debt was built on an asset that was priced incorrectly. So as the price of homes has fallen to a more realistic level, the mortgage debt has become shaky.

We can blame the deceptive lenders and greedy traders. We can even put some blame on consumers who bought beyond their means. But deception and greed and miscalculation typify market behavior — especially when that market goes unregulated.

To blame the actors for reading their parts misses the point. The point is, we need to regulate the economy so as to change the script.

As to the specific problem in the housing market, we can’t solve the asset side of the balance sheet (the debts held by the financial sector) without solving the liability side of the balance sheet (the debts held by households). We must solve the debt problem, and we must include bailing out the household sector so that a better-regulated financial sector can work normally.

We can solve the balance sheet of Wall Street and Main Street. Put the mortgage-backed assets the government is going to purchase into the Social Security trust fund. Adding to the wealth of Social Security puts the money into the piggy bank of every American worker.

This would have the added advantage of allowing the government to adjust Social Security benefits upward and replace the loss in wealth Americans are feeling from dropping home prices and pension savings — a drop that is delaying retirement decisions for many, and sending others into retirement poorly prepared.

Beyond the housing crisis, though, we must recognize that the free market is not self-regulating. Without government regulation, markets create bubbles, bubbles burst, people suffer and the entire economy can collapse.

If we grasp that truth, we’ll be the better for it.

William E. Spriggs is the chair of the economics department at Howard University and a board member of the Economic Policy Institute. He can be reached at

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White supremacist posters on campuses play on ignorance and fear within the very institutions that should be our...

Trump's politics are not the problem.

By Wendell Berry

Manifesto: The Mad Farmer Liberation Front

Love the quick profit, the annual raise,
vacation with pay. Want more 
of everything ready made. Be afraid 
to know your neighbors and to die.
And you will have a window in your head.
Not even your future will be a mystery 
any more. Your mind will be punched in a card 
and shut away in a little drawer.
When they want you to buy something 
they will call you. When they want you
to die for profit they will let you know. 
So, friends, every day do something
that won’t compute. Love the Lord. 
Love the world. Work for nothing. 
Take all that you have and be poor.
Love someone who does not deserve it. 
Denounce the government and embrace 
the flag. Hope to live in that free 
republic for which it stands. 
Give your approval to all you cannot
understand. Praise ignorance, for what man 
has not encountered he has not destroyed.
Ask the questions that have no answers. 
Invest in the millennium. Plant sequoias.
Say that your main crop is the forest
that you did not plant,
that you will not live to harvest.

Say that the leaves are harvested 
when they have rotted into the mold.
Call that profit. Prophesy such returns.
Put your faith in the two inches of humus 
that will build under the trees
every thousand years.
Listen to carrion—put your ear
close, and hear the faint chattering
of the songs that are to come. 
Expect the end of the world. Laugh. 
Laughter is immeasurable. Be joyful
though you have considered all the facts. 
So long as women do not go cheap 
for power, please women more than men.
Ask yourself: Will this satisfy 
a woman satisfied to bear a child?
Will this disturb the sleep 
of a woman near to giving birth? 
Go with your love to the fields.
Lie easy in the shade. Rest your head 
in her lap. Swear allegiance 
to what is nighest your thoughts.
As soon as the generals and the politicos 
can predict the motions of your mind, 
lose it. Leave it as a sign 
to mark the false trail, the way 
you didn’t go. Be like the fox 
who makes more tracks than necessary, 
some in the wrong direction.
Practice resurrection.

Wendell Berry is a poet, farmer, and environmentalist in Kentucky. This poem, first published in 1973, is reprinted by permission of the author and appears in his “New Collected Poems” (Counterpoint).

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