By Amitabh Pal on January 30, 2013

Sixty-five years ago on Jan. 30, three bullets ended the life of the greatest pacifist of the modern era: Mohandas Karamchand "Mahatma" Gandhi. But his message lives on, and people around the world urgently need to heed it.

The first people who should do so are those from the subcontinent where Gandhi lived. Clashes between India and Pakistan over the past month have killed a number of soldiers (including an Indian servicemember reportedly beheaded), raising temperatures in the region.

In his final months, Gandhi expended a lot of effort to foster peace between the two countries. When he was killed, he was planning to go to Pakistan to reconcile the new nations. He went so far as to say that he wanted to live both in India and Pakistan and both were his homelands.

What makes an India-Pakistan confrontation scary is the nuclear arsenals they have openly possessed since 1998. Gandhi was horrified by the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and warned, "Unless now the world adopts nonviolence, it will spell certain suicide for humanity." All nuclear-armed nations (including the United States) would do well to abide by his message.

Gandhi's interpretation of Islam is also relevant today for those extremists groups that have distorted their religion's teachings.

"My reading of the Quran has convinced me that the basis of Islam is not violence, but is unadulterated peace," Gandhi said. "It regards forbearance as superior to vengeance. The very word 'Islam' means peace, which is nonviolence."

Gandhi knew what he was talking about. He had studied the religion and its early history closely, and often cited Islam's prophet, Muhammad, and his martyred grandsons, Hasan and Hussein, as inspirations. Gandhi, incidentally, was assassinated by a Hindu nationalist for supposedly being too pro-Muslim.

Gandhi had astute insights for followers of other religions, too.

He appreciated Christianity, especially its teachings about helping the poor and turning the other cheek. "I saw that the Sermon on the Mount was the whole of Christianity for one who wanted to live a Christian life," he said. "It is that sermon that has endeared Jesus to me." But he also cautioned that, while Christians say they give all glory to God and believe in peace on Earth, "there seems to be neither glory to God or peace on Earth" at the moment.

And he had words of wisdom for the most powerful country on the planet.

"Your land is owned by a few capitalist owners," Gandhi said to an American. "These large holdings cannot be sustained except by violence, veiled if not open. ... Your wars will never ensure safety for democracy."

Till his final breath, Gandhi was unwavering in his belief in the power of pacifism.

"During my half-century of experience, I have not yet come across a situation when I had to say that I was helpless, that I had no remedy in terms of nonviolence," he remarked toward the end of his life.

This was matched by a deep faith in the capacities of ordinary people.

"All mankind in essence are alike," Gandhi remarked. "What is, therefore, possible for me is possible for everyone."

And he urged us all to take care of those less fortunate than us. "Recall the face of the poorest and the weakest man whom you may have seen, and ask yourself, if the step you contemplate is going to be of any use to him," he said.

Gandhi's wise advice and profound commitments should guide us still, even six and a half decades after this remarkable man died. We honor him and ourselves by following his path.

Amitabh Pal, the managing editor of The Progressive and co-editor of the Progressive Media Project, is the author of the recent book "Islam" Means Peace: Understanding the Muslim Principle of Nonviolence Today (Praeger). He can be reached at pmproj@progressive.org.

If you liked this article by Amitabh Pal, the managing editor of the Progressive magazine, please check out his article entitled "John Kerry's Conventional Mindset."

Follow Amitabh Pal @amitpal on Twitter.

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By Wendell Berry

Manifesto: The Mad Farmer Liberation Front

Love the quick profit, the annual raise,
vacation with pay. Want more 
of everything ready made. Be afraid 
to know your neighbors and to die.
And you will have a window in your head.
Not even your future will be a mystery 
any more. Your mind will be punched in a card 
and shut away in a little drawer.
When they want you to buy something 
they will call you. When they want you
to die for profit they will let you know. 
So, friends, every day do something
that won’t compute. Love the Lord. 
Love the world. Work for nothing. 
Take all that you have and be poor.
Love someone who does not deserve it. 
Denounce the government and embrace 
the flag. Hope to live in that free 
republic for which it stands. 
Give your approval to all you cannot
understand. Praise ignorance, for what man 
has not encountered he has not destroyed.
Ask the questions that have no answers. 
Invest in the millennium. Plant sequoias.
Say that your main crop is the forest
that you did not plant,
that you will not live to harvest.


Say that the leaves are harvested 
when they have rotted into the mold.
Call that profit. Prophesy such returns.
Put your faith in the two inches of humus 
that will build under the trees
every thousand years.
Listen to carrion—put your ear
close, and hear the faint chattering
of the songs that are to come. 
Expect the end of the world. Laugh. 
Laughter is immeasurable. Be joyful
though you have considered all the facts. 
So long as women do not go cheap 
for power, please women more than men.
Ask yourself: Will this satisfy 
a woman satisfied to bear a child?
Will this disturb the sleep 
of a woman near to giving birth? 
Go with your love to the fields.
Lie easy in the shade. Rest your head 
in her lap. Swear allegiance 
to what is nighest your thoughts.
As soon as the generals and the politicos 
can predict the motions of your mind, 
lose it. Leave it as a sign 
to mark the false trail, the way 
you didn’t go. Be like the fox 
who makes more tracks than necessary, 
some in the wrong direction.
Practice resurrection.

Wendell Berry is a poet, farmer, and environmentalist in Kentucky. This poem, first published in 1973, is reprinted by permission of the author and appears in his “New Collected Poems” (Counterpoint).

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